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Barcode Printing Technology in Plastic Packaging


Barcode technology is an automatic identification technology developed and developed in computer application practice. Since the advent of the 1960s, it has demonstrated a strong vitality and has developed rapidly. After more than 30 years of continuous improvement, improvement and development, it has been widely used in many areas such as commodity circulation. So far, there are more than 60,000 enterprises that have been allowed to use bar codes in China, and 500,000 kinds of commercial items have been identified using commercial bar codes. There are thousands of chain stores, warehouse supermarkets, and distribution centers that use business package automation technology to manage product automation. Bar code printing technology is one of the important contents of bar code technology. With the large number of barcode technologies used in food and daily chemical products in China, the plastic packaging manufacturers that are supporting them must adapt to the development of this situation. According to relevant departments, there are many bar code printing failures on the market. Bar codes that do not meet quality requirements will not only fail to improve management efficiency, but will cause confusion. (Foreign large retailers have clear penalties for the quality problems of supplier bar codes.) Therefore, it is necessary to thoroughly study the barcode printing technology of plastic packaging. This article will initially discuss some of the issues and communicate with peers. First, the bar code printing of the main technical indicators Barcode specific standards in the national standard GB12904-91 has been detailed provisions. Among them, printing technical indicators mainly include three aspects: width tolerance; appearance (including stains, porosity and edge roughness, etc.); reflectance and contrast. 1. Width Tolerance Because barcodes use different widths of bars and spaces to represent information, if you do not strictly control the print errors of strips and spaces, you may have problems such as the width of narrow strips (blanks) approaching or the narrow space almost disappearing. This can make the bar code symbols unreadable or have a large number of errors. Therefore, the sum of the width and the width of the bar and the space and the sum of the width and the accuracy are the key to ensure that the decoder can receive the correct waveform and perform the decoding correctly. The bar code width tolerances are mainly the blank width tolerance, the width tolerance between the edges to similar edges, and the character width tolerance. It describes the allowable error range of the strip and the space width in printing. If it exceeds this range, it will affect the reading effect. 2. Appearance (1) Whether the surface is damaged, cracked, perforated or smeared. (2) The surface has no dirt, ink lines, uneven ink and other phenomena. (3) Whether it is too close to or overlap printing with other patterns. (4) Stain, porosity, and edge roughness. In the process of printing a barcode, for some reason, voids (deinking) sometimes occur in the air of the bar code symbol or in the ink in the bar. The bar code allows any number of stains and pores (deinking), but the following conditions should be satisfied: 1 The area does not exceed 25% of the circular area with a diameter of 0.8X. 2 Its area does not completely cover a circle with a diameter of 0.4X. Where X is the width of the narrowest cell. The requirement of the edge roughness is that the elements on all possible scanning trajectories can meet the requirements of printing dimensional tolerances. 3. Reflectance and Contrast Contrast (PCS) refers to the ratio of the difference of null and bar reflectivity to the null reflectivity. The reflectance and contrast (PCS) values ​​should comply with the corresponding regulations. II. Problems that should be noticed in the process of barcode printing According to the above technical requirements for barcode printing, the following issues regarding the printing process should be analyzed, including design, plate making, printing, compounding, and packaging methods. (a) Design 1. Barcode Position Design The position of the bar code should be considered in the actual position after loading the actual object (while the barcode of the transparent packaging cannot be displayed simultaneously with the bar code on the individual retail goods installed inside), and whether the design is reasonable or not will directly affect the actual reading effect. For bread, candy, bagged food, etc., the bar code position should generally be selected in the following order: bottom, back, side, but not in the bending, partition, corner position. For cylindrical, trilateral sealing, back sealing bags, generally selected on the back and pay attention to avoid heat-sealing parts and empty parts; for pillow-shaped packaging bags should be determined after the actual position of the packaging, to avoid the corner position. For surface bar codes, the surface curvature must not exceed 30°. 2. The size design bar code size refers to the size of the left and right blank area including the bar code symbol. In general, the barcode magnification factor is proportional to the allowable dimensional deviation of the barcode printing. Magnification is generally controlled between 0.8 and 2. In order to ensure the correct reading of barcodes, there should be a blank area with a certain width around the barcode. The size of the blank area varies depending on the type of barcode, at least 10 times the minimum strip width. According to GB12904-91 “General Product Bar Code”, the minimum width of left and right blank areas is 3.63mm and 2.31mm, respectively, when the magnification factor is 1.0. For best scanning results, generally The size of the blank area should not be less than 5mm wide. In order to ensure that bar code reading does not affect the bar code reading success rate due to the height of the bar code, general bar code symbol may not be arbitrarily shortened. When it is really necessary to shorten the time, it should comply with the corresponding technical specifications. 3. Color design must ensure a certain contrast when performing color design. Different colors have different reflectivity to light, in which black is not reflective to visible light of various wavelengths, but white can reflect light of various wavelengths, so black bars are the best design. The following table shows the matching of some colors. Barcode Color Match Serial Number Color Stripe Energy/No Use 1 White Black Energy 2 White Blue Energy 3 White Green Energy 4 White Dark Brown Energy 5 White Yellow No 6 White Orange No 7 White Red No 8 White Light Brown No 9 White Gold No 10 Orange Black Energy 11 Orange Blue Energy 12 Orange Green Energy 13 Orange Dark Brown Energy 14 Red Black Energy 15 Red Blue Energy 16 Red Green Energy 17 Red Dark Brown Energy 18 Yellow Black Energy 19 Yellow Blue Energy 20 Yellow Green Energy 21 Yellow Dark Brown Energy 22 Bright Green Red No 23 Bright Green Black No 24 Dark Green Black No 25 Blue Red No 27 Blue Black No 28 Gold Black No Consider the effect of composite aluminum foil or aluminized film on hue. Aluminum foil and other specular reflection, the reader can not collect reflected light, the smallest reflectance, can be used as a strip color. The empty color must print white, yellow, orange, or red on the aluminum foil. This is called reverse printing. Some plastic packaging does not print the background color (empty color) but only the strip color when printing the barcode, and uses the color of the content itself as the blank color. This method is not suitable. For example, the hot sauce package bag, if using the sauce color to empty the bag, the reflectivity is low. The contrast does not form enough to affect reading. Plastic film has a certain degree of gloss. For composite barcodes, its gloss will change the reflectivity of the strip and the space, causing a contrast change. Therefore, when designing a color, this factor should be taken into consideration to leave a certain margin for the contrast. . (2) In addition to the basic requirements for plate making, the following two points should also be taken into account when conducting bar code plate making: The original film with extremely high precision is selected and should be compatible with the gravure printing process (the correction of the strip width of the film is compatible with the gravure printing process). 2. The rest of the cable is relatively deep and the cable is relatively dense. This is because the lightness of the network cable is light, and it cannot guarantee sufficient hiding power. Part of the light is transmitted and the reflectance is reduced. If the network cable is too thin, the network cable is easily deformed, and the edges of the printed bar are not neat, which may easily lead to difficulties in reading and writing. (3) Printing bar code printing is relatively higher than ordinary plastic packaging printing requirements. The following issues should be noted in the printing process: Barcodes and other patterns are printed at the same time. Sometimes, ink bleed and squeegee position adjustment are used to adjust the hue. In this case, priority should be given to the reading of barcodes. If you can't balance it, you must remake the plate. 2. The firmness and wear resistance of the ink film of the plastic film should be given enough attention, especially the surface-printed packaging. If the firmness and abrasion resistance of the printing ink are not good, the ink may be detached and the barcode may be damaged during the circulation of the product. As a result, it is not read. Polyethylene, polypropylene, etc. are non-polar materials, and special attention should be paid. 3. The ink should maintain a certain viscosity, the viscosity should not be too small. If the viscosity is small, the hiding power of the ink is low and the reflectance is low. In particular, the contents are dark-colored products such as watermelon seeds, pickles, soy sauce, and soy sauce. If the empty hiding power is low, the content color will darken the empty color, making the empty color closer to the stripe color, resulting in lower contrast. The viscosity of white ink (or other background ink) should be increased to ensure sufficient hiding power. 4. Select high-quality ink to avoid the appearance of ink and other phenomena. The ink should have a high transfer rate to ensure the density of the ink. In addition, the ink should also have sufficient high temperature stability to prevent the barcode from changing color during compounding and post-processing. 5. Strictly control the printing tension, drying temperature and other process conditions, try to avoid shrinkage changes in size. (4) Two points should be noticed in compounding: 1. Stretching. In the compounding process, if the temperature of the drying oven is too high or the tension is too high, film stretching will occur, resulting in deformation of the barcode. Therefore, the drying oven temperature and various tensions must be strictly controlled to avoid stretching. 2. If adhesives are added during the compounding process, the film must be protected from creases at the place where the AC agent is applied. Although wrinkles can be removed in front of the composite head, due to the solvent containing ethyl acetate, wrinkles under the pressure of the coating roller and the pressure roller may cause the ink in the bar code portion to be dissolved and cause breakage. Affect the reading effect. (5) Packaging Methods Inflatable packaging, like ordinary packaging, has a relatively flat appearance, so it has no other influence on the printing and reading of barcodes, but it must be given attention to vacuum packaging and heat shrink packaging. 1. Vacuum packaging, because the contents of the package are mostly irregular shape, vacuum packaging bag tightly attached to the surface of the contents, an irregular three-dimensional shape, the surface is not smooth, so that the bar code deformation can not be read. Therefore, the vacuum packaging inner bag should not be directly printed bar code, an additional bag printing bar code and other graphics. 2. Heat-shrinking packaging: For the heat-shrinkable packaging film used in beverages and fruit and milk bottles, the position of the barcode after shrinking the film must be taken into account when printing the barcode; second, the longitudinal and transverse shrinkage factors should be calculated, and the barcode should be used when making the barcode. The size is adjusted in advance; thirdly, a high shrinkage film with uniform shrinkage is selected. At the same time, ensure that the strips are in the same plane after heat shrinking. 3. Common Faults in Bar Code Plastic Gravure and Solutions Common faults described below, for package printing outside the bar code, if the failure is not serious, it is a minor flaw. However, for bar code printing, even if it is a very slight flaw, it will directly affect the reading effect and must be taken to avoid it. Therefore, in a certain sense, bar code printing can be said to be stricter than the printing requirements of other parts. 1. Knife line The so-called knife line means that the ink on the portion of the plate with no pattern lines is not scraped clean, and is transferred to the object to be printed, and line-like contamination occurs at the place where no ink is allowed (an unattractive silk path is generated). In general, it takes a period of time for printing to take place and a certain number of impressions are printed before this failure occurs. Printing inks, printing plate rollers and doctor blades are the three main factors affecting the printing knife line, and environmental printing conditions also have a certain influence on the printing knife line. Reasons: (1) It has a lot to do with the fineness and quality of the ink (squeegee fitness). The phenomenon of high-grade ink is lighter, while that of low-grade ink is heavier. Improper substances, coarse particles, and foreign substances in the ink can lift or damage the blade, and can form a knife line. (2) Roller finish and chrome plating quality are poor. (3) The accuracy of the platen roll machining is not enough, and the eccentricity of the platen roll causes impact on the blade to become the cause of the blade line. At this point you need to re-install or correct. (4) Bad doctor scraping state. (5) The viscosity of the working ink is too large. The ink on the layout is excessively dry, and the friction between the plate roller and the blade is relatively increased. It is difficult for the blade to scrape the ink on the plate. (When drying is too late, a trace amount of ink adhering to the non-line portion of the plate roller will be transferred to the film to form a platen). (6) Adhesion of hard objects on the roll plate will directly damage the blade. Always check and wipe. (7) Environmental conditions. When the humidity is too high, the dispersibility of the ink is deteriorated and the printing plate is not easily scratched. When the humidity is too low (dry), the plastic film absorbs dust due to electrostatic charges (dust falls into the ink

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